Flowering Perennials, Shrubs and Small Trees Native to Western Pennsylvania
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There are 128 species in our catalog.


Photo credit:
Christmas Fern
Polystichum ascrostichoides        (Dryopteridaceae)

Plant Type:
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil, Dry Soil
Sunlight: Partial Sun, Full Shade
Blooms:
Flower color:
Height: 2.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
Comments: Beautiful evergreen fern
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no


Photo credit:
Trumpet Honeysuckle
Lonicera sempervirens        (Caprifoliaceae)

Plant Type:
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: April - September
Flower color: Red/Orange
Height: 3.0 - 9.9 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
Comments: Attracts hummingbirds; our native honeysuckle
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:


Photo credit:
Alumroot or Coral Bells
Heuchera americana        (Saxifragaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil
Sunlight: Partial Sun, Full Shade
Blooms: March - June
Flower color: Green/Purplish
Height: 1.0 - 3.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
Comments: Small flowers along a tall, slender stalk; grow more for its beautiful season long foliage
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no


Photo credit:
Basil Bee Balm
Monarda clinopodia        (Lamiaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: June - August
Flower color: Pale Pink
Height: 2.0 - 4.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
Comments: Hummingbirds love this plant
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:
Bee Balm or Oswego Tea
Monarda didyma        (Lamiaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Wet Soil, Medium Moist Soil,
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: July - September
Flower color: Scarlet
Height: 2.0 - 5.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
Comments: Hummingbird magnet!
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: yes
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:Kathy McGregor
Black Cohosh
Cimicifuga racemosa        (Ranunculaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil
Sunlight: Partial Sun, Full Shade
Blooms: July
Flower color: White
Height: 3.0 - 5.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
Comments: Flowers are tall spikes
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no


Photo credit:
Bloodroot
Sanguinaria canadensis        ()

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil
Sunlight: Partial Sun, Full Shade
Blooms: April
Flower color: White
Height: 6.0 - 9.9 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
Comments: Among the very first blooms of spring
Deer Resistant:
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no


Photo credit:
Blue Cohosh
Caulophyllum thalictroides        (Berberidaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil, Dry Soil
Sunlight: Partial Sun, Full Shade
Blooms: May
Flower color: Yellow / Green or Purplish
Height: 1.0 - 3.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
Comments: Blue berries, good season long foliage
Deer Resistant: no
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no


Photo credit:
Blue Curls
Trichostema dichotomum        (Lamiaceae)

Plant Type: annual
Moisture: Dry Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: August - September
Flower color: Blue
Height: 1.0 - 2.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Cheerful flowers
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: yes
Rain Garden Suitable: no


Photo credit:
Blue Flag Iris
Iris versicolor        (Iridaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Wet Soil, Medium Moist Soil,
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: May - June
Flower color: Purplish Blue
Height: 2.0 - 3.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
Comments: Stunning flower
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: yes


Photo credit:
Blue Vervain
Verbena hastata        (Verbenaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Wet Soil, Medium Moist Soil,
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: June
Flower color: Deep Blue
Height: 2.0 - 5.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
Comments: Candelabra like spikes of flowers
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: yes


Photo credit:
Blue Wood Aster
Aster cordifolius        (Asteraceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil, Dry Soil
Sunlight: Partial Sun, Full Shade
Blooms: August - September
Flower color: Violet
Height: 2.0 - 3.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
Comments: Clouds of blue flowers in late summer
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: yes
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:
Blue-eyed Grass
Sisyrinchium angustifolium        (Iridaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil, Dry Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: May - June
Flower color: Deep Blue
Height: 6.0 - 9.9 inches
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Smallest flower in Iris family; long grass-like foliage. Makes a good ground cover
Deer Resistant:
Drought Tolerant:
Rain Garden Suitable: no


Photo credit:Christopher Tracey
Boneset
Eupatorium perfoliatum        (Asteraceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Wet Soil, Medium Moist Soil,
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: July - August
Flower color: White
Height: 2.0 - 5.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
Comments: 0ften grows with Joe Pye and Ironweed
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: yes


Photo credit:
Bowman's Root
Porteranthus trifoliatus        (Rosaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil, Dry Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: May - June
Flower color: White
Height: 2.0 - 5.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
Comments: Random sprays of stary white flowers. Likes dry hillsides at woodland edges
Deer Resistant: no
Drought Tolerant: yes
Rain Garden Suitable: no


Photo credit:
Broard-leaved Waterleaf
Hydrophyllum canadense        (Hydrophyllaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil
Sunlight: Partial Sun, Full Shade
Blooms: June - July
Flower color: White
Height: 1.0 - 2.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
Comments: Flowers cluster under upper leaves
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no


Photo credit:
Brown-eyed Susan
Rudbeckia triloba        (Asteraceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil, Dry Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: August - October
Flower color: Yellow
Height: 1.0 - 3.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Drought tolerant
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:
  


Photo credit:
Butterfly Weed
Asclepias tuberosa        (Asclepiadaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Dry Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun,
Blooms: May - September
Flower color: Orange
Height: 1.0 - 3.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Amazing color; grows well in dry, gravely-sandy soil
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: yes
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:
Calico Aster
Aster lateriflous        (Asteraceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil, Dry Soil
Sunlight: Partial Sun
Blooms: June - August
Flower color: White
Height: 1.0 - 4.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Often a purple center. Bushy habit.
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: yes
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:
Cardinal Flower
Lobelia cardinalis        (Campanulaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Wet Soil, Medium Moist Soil,
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun, Full Shade
Blooms: July - August
Flower color: Deep Scarlet
Height: 2.0 - 4.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
Comments: Hummingbirds love this flower; tender perennial; will self sow in a good spot
Deer Resistant: no
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:


Photo credit:
Closed/Bottle Gentian
Gentiana clausa        (Gentianaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Wet Soil, Medium Moist Soil,
Sunlight: Full Sun,
Blooms: August - September
Flower color: Deep Blue
Height: 1.0 - 2.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Beautiful massed
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: yes


Photo credit:
Common Milkweed
Asclepias syriaca        (Asclepiadaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil, Dry Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: June - August
Flower color: pink/purple
Height: 2.0 - 4.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Larval food of monarch butterflies
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: yes
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:
Creeping Ground Mint
Meehania cordata        (Lamiaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil, Dry Soil
Sunlight: Partial Sun, Full Shade
Blooms: May - June
Flower color: Blue
Height: 6.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
Comments: Good ground cover for dry shade
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no


Photo credit:
Creeping Phlox
Phlox stolonifera        (Polemoniaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil
Sunlight: Partial Sun, Full Shade
Blooms: April - May
Flower color: Violet
Height: 4.0 - 9.9 inches
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
Comments: Makes a good woodsy ground cover
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no


Photo credit:
Crooked-stemmed Aster
Aster prenanthoides        (Asteraceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: September - October
Flower color: Bue-violet
Height: 1.0 - 3.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Stem zigzags slightly; flowers are 1"-1.5"
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: yes
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:Christopher Tracey
Culver's Root
Veronicastrum virginicum        (Scrophulariaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: June - July
Flower color: White
Height: 3.0 - 6.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
Comments: Bloom is a white spire
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no


Photo credit:
Dense Blazing Star
Liatris spicata        (Asteraceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun,
Blooms: July - August
Flower color: Purple-pink
Height: 3.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Beautiful massed or in a mixed meadow
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:
  


Photo credit:
Doll's Eye
Actea pachypoda        (Ranunculaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil, Dry Soil
Sunlight: Partial Sun, Full Shade
Blooms: May
Flower color: White
Height: 1.0 - 3.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
Comments: In late summer this plant gets white berries. Each berry has a black dot --hence the common name of "doll's eye"
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: yes
Rain Garden Suitable: no


Photo credit:
Downy Skullcap
Scutellaria incana        (Lamiaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil, Dry Soil
Sunlight: Partial Sun, Full Shade
Blooms: June - August
Flower color: Violet
Height: 2.0 - 3.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
Comments: Self sows
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no


Photo credit:
Early Meadow Rue
Thalictrum dioicum        (Ranunculaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: April - June
Flower color: White
Height: 1.0 - 3.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
Comments: Good season long foliage; grows naturally in rich, rocky woods
Deer Resistant:
Drought Tolerant:
Rain Garden Suitable: no


Photo credit:
False Blue Indigo
Baptisia australis        (Fabaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: May - June
Flower color: Blue
Height: 2.0 - 5.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
Comments:
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:
False Bugbane or Tassle Rue
Trautvetteria caroliniensis        (Ranunculaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: June
Flower color: White
Height: 2.0 - 3.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Flowering ground cover
Deer Resistant:
Drought Tolerant:
Rain Garden Suitable: no


Photo credit:
False Solomon's Seal
Smilacina racemosa        (Smilacaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil, Dry Soil
Sunlight: Partial Sun, Full Shade
Blooms: May - June
Flower color: White
Height: 1.0 - 2.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
Comments: Plume of white flowers at end of arching stem and cluster of bright red berries in fall
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: yes
Rain Garden Suitable: no


Photo credit:
Fire Pink
Silene virginica        (Caryophyllaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil, Dry Soil
Sunlight: Partial Sun, Full Shade
Blooms: May - June
Flower color: Red
Height: 1.0 - 2.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
Comments: Sstunning color for edge of shady areas
Deer Resistant:
Drought Tolerant: yes
Rain Garden Suitable: no


Photo credit:
Flat-topped Aster
Aster umbellatus        (Asteraceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: August - September
Flower color: White
Height: 3.0 - 7.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Imposing plant
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:
Foamflower
Tiarella cordifolia        (Ranunculaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil
Sunlight: Partial Sun, Full Shade
Blooms: March - March
Flower color: White
Height: 1.0 - 2.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
Comments: Shade Ground Cover
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no


Photo credit:
Goat's Beard
Aruncus dioicus        (Rosaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil, Dry Soil
Sunlight: Partial Sun
Blooms: June
Flower color: White
Height: 3.0 - 5.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
Comments: Flowers are 12" plumes
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: yes
Rain Garden Suitable: no


Photo credit:
Golden Alexanders
Zizia aurea        (Apiaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: May - June
Flower color: Yellow
Height: 1.0 - 3.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
Comments: Butterfly plant
Deer Resistant: no
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:Christopher Tracey
Golden Groundsel
Senecio aureus        (Asteraceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Wet Soil, Medium Moist Soil,
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: May - June
Flower color: Yellow
Height: 1.0 - 2.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
Comments: Good season long ground cover; one of first yellow flowers of spring
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: yes
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:Kathy McGregor
Great Blue Lobelia
Lobelia siphilitica        (Campanulaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Wet Soil, Medium Moist Soil, Dry Soil
Sunlight: Partial Sun, Full Shade
Blooms: August - September
Flower color: Blue
Height: 1.0 - 5.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
Comments: Stunning blue flower
Deer Resistant: no
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:


Photo credit:
Green-headed Coneflower
Rudbeckia lanciniata        (Asteraceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: July - September
Flower color: Yellow
Height: 3.0 - 9.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
Comments: Stunning wildflower often found along streams
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:
Heath Aster
Aster pilosus        (Asteraceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil, Dry Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: August - September
Flower color: White
Height: 2.0 - 6.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments:
Deer Resistant: no
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:
Jack-in-the-Pulpit
Arisaema triphyllum        (Araceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Wet Soil, Medium Moist Soil,
Sunlight: Partial Sun, Full Shade
Blooms: April - June
Flower color: purple and green
Height: 1.0 - 3.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Red berry in the fall
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no


Photo credit:
Jacob's Ladder
Polemonium reptans        (Polemoniaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil
Sunlight: Partial Sun, Full Shade
Blooms: April - May
Flower color: Pale Blue
Height: 0.5 - 1.3 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Lush woodland plant. Blooms in the spring before the trees leaf-out.
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no


Photo credit:
Joe Pye
Eupatorium fistulosa        (Asteraceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Wet Soil, Medium Moist Soil,
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: August - September
Flower color: Pink to Purple
Height: 3.0 - 8.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
Comments: Grows luxuriantly
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: yes
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:
Lyre-leaved Sage
Salvia lyrata        (Lamiaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil, Dry Soil
Sunlight: Partial Sun, Full Shade
Blooms: May - June
Flower color: Violet
Height: 1.0 - 2.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
Comments: Good ground cover for dry, shady areas
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: yes
Rain Garden Suitable: no


Photo credit:
Mayapple
Podophyllum peltatum        (Berberidaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Wet Soil, Medium Moist Soil, Dry Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun, Full Shade
Blooms: May - June
Flower color: White
Height: 1.0 - 1.5 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Large umbrella-like leaf; tend to colonize
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: yes
Rain Garden Suitable: no


Photo credit:Kathy McGregor
Miterwort / Bishop's Cap
Mitella dyphylla        (Ranunculaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil
Sunlight: Partial Sun, Full Shade
Blooms: April - May
Flower color: White
Height: 1.0 - 2.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
Comments: Cool, rich woods
Deer Resistant: no
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no


Photo credit:Kathy McGregor
Monkey Flower
Mimulus ringens        (Scrophulariaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Wet Soil, Medium Moist Soil,
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: July - September
Flower color: Violet
Height: 2.0 - 3.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Naturalizes well
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: yes


Photo credit:Kathy McGregor
New England Aster
Aster novae-angliae        (Asteraceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Wet Soil, Medium Moist Soil,
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun, Full Shade
Blooms: August - October
Flower color: Purple
Height: 4.0 - 6.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Glorius late season color. Looks great growing with goldenrod
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: yes
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:Kathy McGregor
New York Ironweed
Vernonia noveboracensis        (Asteraceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Wet Soil, Medium Moist Soil,
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: July - August
Flower color: Deep Purple
Height: 3.0 - 6.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
Comments: Beacon for Butterflies; grows attractively with Boneset
Deer Resistant: no
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: yes
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:
Nodding Onion
Allium cernuum        (Liliaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil, Dry Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: June - July
Flower color: White
Height: 1.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Forms thick stands
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: yes
Rain Garden Suitable: no


Photo credit:
Oxeye
Heliopsis helianthoides        (Asteraceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: July - September
Flower color: Yellow
Height: 3.0 - 5.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Butterfly plant
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:
Plantain-leaved Pussytoe
Antennaria plantagifolia        (Asteraceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Dry Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: April - June
Flower color: White
Height: 4.0 - 9.9 inches
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
Comments: This is a great plant for rock gardens and other sunny, dry places.
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: yes
Rain Garden Suitable: no


Photo credit:
Poke Milkweed
Asclepias exaltata        (Asclepiadaceae)

Plant Type: biennial
Moisture: Wet Soil, Medium Moist Soil,
Sunlight: Partial Sun, Full Shade
Blooms: July - August
Flower color: Cream-white
Height: 2.0 - 6.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Beautiful drooping umbels of flowers
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:Christopher Tracey
Purple Bergamont
Monarda media        (Lamiaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: July - August
Flower color: Magenta
Height: 3.0 - 4.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
Comments: Hummingbirds love it!
Deer Resistant: no
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:
Purple-stemmed Aster
Aster puniceus        (Asteraceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Wet Soil, Medium Moist Soil,
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: September - September
Flower color: Blue Violet
Height: 2.0 - 6.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Stems usually reddish
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: yes
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:
Rue Anemone or Windflower
Thalictrum thalictroides (Amenella)        (Ranunculaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture:
Sunlight:
Blooms: April - June
Flower color: White
Height: 0.5 - 1.0 inches
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
Comments:
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant:
Rain Garden Suitable: no


Photo credit:
Seedbox
Ludwigia alternifolia        (Onagraceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Wet Soil, Medium Moist Soil,
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: June - August
Flower color: Yellow
Height: 1.0 - 2.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
Comments: Seeds born in a small square box
Deer Resistant: no
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no


Photo credit:
Silverrod
Solidago bicolor        (Asteraceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Dry Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: August - September
Flower color: White
Height: 0.5 - 2.5 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
Comments: Our only white goldenrod
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: yes
Rain Garden Suitable: no


Photo credit:Kathryn McGregor
Sneezeweed
Helenium autumnale        (Asteraceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: August - September
Flower color: Yellow
Height: 2.0 - 6.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Showy flowers
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:
  


Photo credit:
Solomon's Seal
Polygonatum biflorum        (Liliaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil, Dry Soil
Sunlight: Partial Sun, Full Shade
Blooms: May - June
Flower color: Greenish
Height: 1.0 - 3.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
Comments: Flowers are small bells along underside of arching stem. Dark blue berries in late summer. Wildlife value.
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: yes
Rain Garden Suitable: no


Photo credit:
Spiderwort
Tradescantia virginiana        ()

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture:
Sunlight:
Blooms: May - June
Flower color: Blue
Height: 1.0 - 2.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments:
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no


Photo credit:
Spikenard
Aralia racemosa        ()

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil, Dry Soil
Sunlight: Partial Sun, Full Shade
Blooms: June - July
Flower color: Ligth green
Height: 3.0 - 6.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
Comments: Shrub-like; large heart-shaped leaves; clusters of small green/purple berries in fall
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: yes
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:Christopher Tracey
Spotted Joe Pye
Eupatorium maculatum        (Asteraceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Wet Soil, Medium Moist Soil,
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: August - September
Flower color: Pink/Purple
Height: 3.0 - 7.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Attracts butterflies
Deer Resistant: no
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: yes
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:
Swamp Milkweed
Asclepias incarnata        (Asclepiadaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Wet Soil, Medium Moist Soil,
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: July - August
Flower color: Rose Pink
Height: 2.0 - 4.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
Comments: Will grow in range of moisture conditions - it dosen't need a swamp!
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: yes
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:
Swamp Rose Mallow
Hibiscus moscheutos        (Malvaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Wet Soil, Medium Moist Soil,
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: July - September
Flower color: Deep Pink / White
Height: 5.0 - 7.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
Comments: Tall, bold and dramatic
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: yes
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:clipart.com
Tall Bellflower
Campanula americana        (Campanulaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil, Dry Soil
Sunlight: Partial Sun, Full Shade
Blooms: August
Flower color: Light Blue
Height: 2.0 - 6.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Tall, elegant plant
Deer Resistant: no
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no


Photo credit:
Tall Coreopsis
Coreopsis tripteris        (Asteraceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Wet Soil, Medium Moist Soil,
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: June - September
Flower color: Yellow
Height: 3.0 - 6.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Anise-scented flowers; birds like the seed
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: yes
Attracts:
  


Photo credit:
Tall Larkspur
Delphinium exaltatum        (Ranunculaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: July - August
Flower color: Blue
Height: 2.0 - 6.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
Comments: Lush spikes of blue; often grows in sunny woods openings
Deer Resistant:
Drought Tolerant:
Rain Garden Suitable: no


Photo credit:
Tall Meadow Rue
Thalictrum pubescens        (Ranunculaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Wet Soil, Medium Moist Soil,
Sunlight: Partial Sun, Full Shade
Blooms: March - June
Flower color: White
Height: 2.0 - 8.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
Comments: Season long foliage
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: yes


Photo credit:
Tall Sunflower
Helianthus giganteus        (Asteraceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Wet Soil, Medium Moist Soil,
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: July - September
Flower color: Yellow
Height: 3.0 - 5.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Good for birds
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: yes
Attracts:
  


Photo credit:
Thimbleweed
Anemone virginiana        (Ranunculaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil, Dry Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: June - July
Flower color: White
Height: 2.0 - 3.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
Comments: Beautiful foliage all season
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no


Photo credit:
Turtlehead
Chelone glabra        ()

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Wet Soil, Medium Moist Soil,
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: August - September
Flower color: White tinged with pale pink
Height: 1.0 - 3.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
Comments: Fine late season color
Deer Resistant:
Drought Tolerant:
Rain Garden Suitable: yes


Photo credit:
Virgin's Bower
Clematis virginiana        (Ranunculaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: August - September
Flower color: White
Height: 3.0 - 8.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Beautiful, fast growing vine
Deer Resistant: no
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no


Photo credit:Christopher Tracey
Virginia Bluebells
Mertensia virginica        (Boraginaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun, Full Shade
Blooms: April - May
Flower color: Blue
Height: 1.0 - 2.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
Comments: Beautiful early flower; foliage dies back after blooming; inter-plant with ferns
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no


Photo credit:
Virginia Mountain Mint
Pycnanthemum virginianum        (Lamiaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil, Dry Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: May - June
Flower color: White
Height: 2.0 - 5.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Very attractive massed plant for sun
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:
White Beardtongue
Penstemon digitalis        (Scrophulariaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil, Dry Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun,
Blooms: June - July
Flower color: White
Height: 2.0 - 5.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Plant develops into a good sized clump
Deer Resistant: no
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:


Photo credit:
White Snakeroot
Eupatorium rugosum        ()

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil, Dry Soil
Sunlight: Partial Sun, Full Shade
Blooms: August - October
Flower color: White
Height: 1.0 - 5.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
Comments: Fall color in shade
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: yes
Rain Garden Suitable: no


Photo credit:
White Woodland Aster
Aster divaricatus        (Asteraceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil, Dry Soil
Sunlight: Partial Sun, Full Shade
Blooms: July - August
Flower color: White
Height: 1.0 - 2.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
Comments: Color in shady places and good season-long foliage
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: yes
Rain Garden Suitable: no


Photo credit:
Whorled Rosinweed
Silphium trifoliatum        (Asteraceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil, Dry Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: July - September
Flower color: Yellow
Height: 3.0 - 7.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Good plant for naturalizing
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant:
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:
  


Photo credit:
Wild Bergamot
Monarda fistulosa        (Lamiaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil, Dry Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: June - September
Flower color: Lilac
Height: 2.0 - 3.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Hummingbirds love it!
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: yes
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:
Wild Blue Violet
Viola sororia        (Violaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun, Full Shade
Blooms: March - May
Flower color: Deep Blue
Height: 0.5 - 1.0 inches
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments:
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no


Photo credit:
Wild columbine
Aquilegia canadensis        (Ranunculaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil, Dry Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: April - June
Flower color: yellow and red
Height: 1.0 - 2.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
Comments: Will self sow
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:


Photo credit:
Wild Geranium
Geranium maculatum        (Geraniaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil
Sunlight: Partial Sun, Full Shade
Blooms: April - June
Flower color: Pink
Height: 1.0 - 2.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
Comments: Showy flowers; a wonderful woodland plant
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no


Photo credit:
Wild Ginger
Asarum canadenssis        (Aristolochiaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil
Sunlight: Partial Sun, Full Shade
Blooms: May - June
Flower color: Brownish-purple
Height: 6.0 - 9.9 inches
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
Comments: Makes a good ground cover for shade
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: yes
Rain Garden Suitable: no


Photo credit:
Wild Indigo
Baptisia tinctoria        (Fabaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Wet Soil, Medium Moist Soil, Dry Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun, Full Shade
Blooms: August
Flower color: Yellow
Height: 2.0 - 6.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Good in poor soils
Deer Resistant: no
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no


Photo credit:
Wild Senna
Senna hebecarpa        (Caesalpiniaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Wet Soil, Medium Moist Soil, Dry Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun, Full Shade
Blooms: July - August
Flower color:
Height: 3.0 - 6.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Loves clay, wildlife value
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no


Photo credit:Christopher Tracey
Wild Stonecrop
Sedum ternatum        (Crassulaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil
Sunlight: Partial Sun
Blooms: May - June
Flower color: White
Height: 0.3 - 0.6 inches
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
Comments: Good ground cover
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no


Photo credit:
Wild Strawberry
Fragaria virginiana        (Rosaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil, Dry Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun,
Blooms: June
Flower color: White
Height: 6.0 - 9.9 inches
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Small red edible berries, spreads by sending out runners
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: yes
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:
Wild Sweet William or Meadow Phlox
Phlox maculata        (Polemoniaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil, Dry Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: June - July
Flower color: Pink
Height: 1.0 - 3.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Blooms heavily early and sporadically all season long
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: yes
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:
Wreath Goldenrod
Solidago caesia        (Asteraceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil, Dry Soil
Sunlight: Partial Sun
Blooms: August - September
Flower color: Yellow
Height: 1.0 - 3.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
Comments: Graceful arching stems with yellow flowers all along the stem
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: yes
Rain Garden Suitable: no


Photo credit:
Wrinke-leaved Goldenrod
Solidago rugosa        (Asteraceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: August - September
Flower color: Yellow
Height: 3.0 - 4.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Good for naturalizing; beautiful with New York Aster
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: yes
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:
Zigzag Goldenrod
Solidago flexicaulis        (Asteraceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil
Sunlight: Partial Sun
Blooms: August - September
Flower color: Yellow
Height: 1.0 - 3.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
Comments: Jaunty touch of color
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no


Photo credit:Christopher Tracey
Bottlebrush Grass
Elymus hystrix        (Poaceae)

Plant Type: grass
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil
Sunlight: Partial Sun, Full Shade
Blooms: June - August
Flower color:
Height: 2.0 - 4.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
Comments: Woodland grass
Deer Resistant: no
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no


Photo credit:
Indian Grass
Sorghastrum nutans        (Poaceae)

Plant Type: grass
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: August - September
Flower color: Golden
Height: 2.0 - 9.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
Comments: Dramatic tall grass; golden in the fall
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no


Photo credit:
Little Bluestem
Schizachyrim scoparium        ()

Plant Type: grass
Moisture: Dry Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun,
Blooms: September
Flower color:
Height: 2.0 - 3.0 
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Beautiful orange color in fall; drought tolerant
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no


Photo credit:
Northern Seaoats
Chasmanthium latifolium        (Poaceae)

Plant Type: grass
Moisture: Wet Soil, Medium Moist Soil,
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: July
Flower color:
Height: 3.0 - 4.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
Comments: Self sows where happy
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no


Photo credit:
Virginia Rye
Elymus virginicus        (Poaceae)

Plant Type: grass
Moisture: Wet Soil, Medium Moist Soil, Dry Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun, Full Shade
Blooms: June - October
Flower color:
Height: 1.0 - 5.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Low woods and streambanks
Deer Resistant: no
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no


Photo credit:
Broom Sedge
Andropogon virginicus        (Poaceae)

Plant Type: sedge
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil, Dry Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun,
Blooms: September
Flower color:
Height: 2.0 - 3.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Goldern in fall; tolerates poor soil and drought
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no


Photo credit:Christopher Tracey
Woodland carex
Carex pensylvanica        (Cyperaceae)

Plant Type: sedge
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil, Dry Soil
Sunlight: Partial Sun, Full Shade
Blooms: March - March
Flower color: Greenish
Height: 6.0 - 9.9 inches
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
Comments: Delightful woodland sedge
Deer Resistant: no
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no


Photo credit:
Black Bullrush
Scirpus atrovirens        (Cyperaceae)

Plant Type: rush
Moisture: Wet Soil,
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: June - July
Flower color:
Height: 0.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
Comments:
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: yes


Photo credit:
Hairy Woodrush
Luzula acuminata        (Juncaceae)

Plant Type: rush
Moisture: Wet Soil, Medium Moist Soil, Dry Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun, Full Shade
Blooms:
Flower color:
Height: 1.6 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Decorative plant
Deer Resistant: no
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no


Photo credit:Christopher Tracey
Northern Maidenhair Fern
Adiantum pedatum        (Pteridaceae)

Plant Type: fern
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil
Sunlight: Partial Sun, Full Shade
Blooms:
Flower color:
Height: 0.0 - 9.9 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
Comments: A beautiful, delicate looking fern; fronds grow in spiral semicircle
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no


Photo credit:
American Bladdernut
Staphylea trifolia        ()

Plant Type: shrub
Moisture: Wet Soil, Medium Moist Soil,
Sunlight: Partial Sun, Full Shade
Blooms: May
Flower color: White
Height: 4.0 - 9.9 
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
Comments: Seed ripens in a 3 chambered pod in Aug-Sept and when ripe you can shake it and hear the seeds rattle inside
Deer Resistant: no
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: yes
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:
Black Haw
Viburnum prunifolium        (Caprifoliaceae)

Plant Type: shrub
Moisture: Wet Soil, Medium Moist Soil, Dry Soil
Sunlight: Partial Sun, Full Shade
Blooms: May
Flower color: White
Height: 8.0 - 9.9 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
Comments: Fruit ripens from bluish pink to red to blue-black in Late July-Sept. Burgundy foliage in fall. Edible berries.
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: yes
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:
Highbush Cranberry
Viburnum triloba        (Caprifoliaceae)

Plant Type: shrub
Moisture: Wet Soil, Medium Moist Soil,
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: May
Flower color: White
Height: 8.0 - 9.9 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
Comments: Clusters of lustrous bright red berries Sept-Feb. Berries make good jelly.
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: yes
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:
Low Sweet Blueberry
Vaccinium angustifolium        (Ericaceae)

Plant Type: shrub
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil, Dry Soil
Sunlight: Partial Sun, Full Shade
Blooms: May
Flower color: White/Pink
Height: 1.0 - 2.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: This is the famous "Maine" bluberry. Sweet blue berries July-Aug.
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:
Maple-leaved Viburnum
Viburnum acerfolium        (Caprifoliaceae)

Plant Type: shrub
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil, Dry Soil
Sunlight: Partial Sun, Full Shade
Blooms: May
Flower color: Pink/White
Height: 0.0 - 3.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
Comments: Thrives in dry woods
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no


Photo credit:
Nannyberry
Viburnum lentago        (Caprifoliaceae)

Plant Type: shrub
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil, Dry Soil
Sunlight: Partial Sun, Full Shade
Blooms: May
Flower color: White
Height: 6.0 - 9.9 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
Comments: Sweet edible dark blue berries in. Good wildlife value. Smell of Nannyberry bark wards off deer. Purple/red fall foliage.
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: yes
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:
Ninebark
Physocarpus opulifolius        (Rosaceae)

Plant Type: shrub
Moisture: Wet Soil, Medium Moist Soil,
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun, Full Shade
Blooms: May - June
Flower color: Pink
Height: 5.0 - 9.9 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
Comments: Papery bark
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:
Red-panicled Dogwood
Cornus racemosa        (Cornaceae)

Plant Type: shrub
Moisture: Wet Soil, Medium Moist Soil,
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms:
Flower color: Creamy-white
Height: 3.0 - 8.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Important for wildlife; white berries on red stems in fall
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: yes
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:
Spicebush
Lindera benzoin        (Lauraceae)

Plant Type: shrub
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil, Dry Soil
Sunlight: Partial Sun, Full Shade
Blooms: April
Flower color: Yellow
Height: 8.0 - 9.9 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
Comments: Fragrant bark; brillant foliage and red berries in fall; high wildlife value; larval food of the beautiful spicebush swallowtail butterfly
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:
Steeplebush
Spiraea tomentosa        (Rosaceae)

Plant Type: shrub
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil, Dry Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: July - September
Flower color: Pink
Height: 2.0 - 5.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
Comments:
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:
Wild Hydrangea
Hydrangea aborescens        (Hydrangeaceae)

Plant Type: shrub
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil
Sunlight: Partial Sun, Full Shade
Blooms: June - July
Flower color: White
Height: 3.0 - 5.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
Comments: Multi-stemmed
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no


Photo credit:
Wild Lilac or New Jersey Tea
Ceanothus americanus        (Rhamnaceae)

Plant Type: shrub
Moisture: Dry Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: July
Flower color: White
Height: 2.0 - 3.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Low growing, resilant shrub; one of top ten butterfly plants
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:
Witch-hazel
Hamamelis virginiana        (Hamamelidaceae)

Plant Type: shrub
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil
Sunlight: Partial Sun
Blooms: September - November
Flower color: Orangish
Height: 8.0 - 9.9 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
Comments: Adaptable plant
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:
American Hazelnut
Corylus americana        (Betulaceae)

Plant Type: tree
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil
Sunlight: Partial Sun, Full Shade
Blooms: May
Flower color:
Height: 9.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
Comments: Edible nuts in fall; wildlife value
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no


Photo credit:
American Hornbeam or Blue Beech
Carpinus caroliniana        (Betulaceae)

Plant Type: tree
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil
Sunlight: Partial Sun
Blooms: May
Flower color:
Height: 9.9 - 9.9 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
Comments: One of our favorites because of the beautiful, smooth blueish-gray bark; typically a low-land tree
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:
Eastern Redbud
Cercis canadensis        (Fabaceae)

Plant Type: tree
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil, Dry Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: May
Flower color: Fall-Yellow
Height: 9.9 - 9.9 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Pinkish-purple blossoms in spring; big, dark green heart-shaped leaves; like a moderately moist "sweet soil"; appreciates occasional liming; a st
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no


Photo credit:
Hop-hornbeam
Ostrya virginiana        (Betulaceae)

Plant Type: tree
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil, Dry Soil
Sunlight: Partial Sun, Full Shade
Blooms: April - May
Flower color:
Height: 0.0 - 9.9 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
Comments: Interesting flaky bark; good upland tree for dryer soils
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no


Photo credit:
Mountain Maple
Acer spicatum        (Aceraceae)

Plant Type: tree
Moisture: Wet Soil, Medium Moist Soil,
Sunlight: Partial Sun, Full Shade
Blooms: April
Flower color: Greenish-Yellow
Height: 8.0 - 9.9 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
Comments: Bright scarlet and orange foliage in fall; typically an understory tree on wooded hillsides
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no


Photo credit:
Pagoda Dogwood
Cornus alternifolia        (Cornaceae)

Plant Type: tree
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil, Dry Soil
Sunlight: Partial Sun, Full Shade
Blooms: May
Flower color: White
Height: 9.9 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
Comments: Horizontal brances create pagoda shape;Blue-black berries in mid summer; width 6'-15'; a partiularly distinctive and beautiful dogwood
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:
Paw Paw
Asimina triloba        (Annonaceae)

Plant Type: tree
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil
Sunlight: Partial Sun
Blooms: May - June
Flower color: Brownish-Purple
Height: 9.9 - 9.9 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
Comments: Fall foliage is yellow and the brownish fruit, shaped like a short, fat bananna is edible -- its pulp mades good pudding; can form colonies hence
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:
Persimmon
Diospyros virginiana        (Ebenaceae)

Plant Type: tree
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: May
Flower color: White-Yellow
Height: 9.9 - 9.9 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Orange fruit is edible after frost in Oct-Nov. Berries make great jelly and provide food for mammals- even bears!
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:
Red Panicled Dogwood
Cornus racemosa        (Cornaceae)

Plant Type: tree
Moisture: Wet Soil, Medium Moist Soil,
Sunlight: Partial Sun, Full Shade
Blooms: May
Flower color: Creamy White
Height: 3.0 - 8.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
Comments: White berries on red stems in fall; very adaptable plant; width 3'-8'; important for wildlife
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:
Serviceberry
Amelanchier canadensis        (Rosaceae)

Plant Type: tree
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil, Dry Soil
Sunlight: Partial Sun, Full Shade
Blooms: April
Flower color: White/Yellow
Height: 9.9 - 9.9 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
Comments: Dark red berries in fall and yellow-red foliage. This species is native in southeastern PA. We're working to grow W. PA species of serviceberry
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:
Tupelo or Black Gum
Nyssa sylvatica        ()

Plant Type: tree
Moisture: Wet Soil, Medium Moist Soil, Dry Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun, Full Shade
Blooms:
Flower color:
Height: 9.9 - 9.9 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Brilliant fall foliage in shades of scarlet, orange, apricot, maroon and crimson. One of first trees to turn color. Birds love blue-black berries
Deer Resistant: yes
Drought Tolerant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:
 

Back to Our Plants

Key to Attracts Field:
The following symbols indicate different animals that the cultivation of these animals may attract:
Butterflies   Birds   Hummingbirds

Information about plant habitats
A Woodlands and Woodland Edges
B Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
C Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Native plants will often grow in gardens in a wider range of conditions than where they are found naturally. Most will thrive best, though, in a setting most similar to its natural environment.

Kathryn McGregor, Proprietor and Grower -- Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Copyright © 2017 Sylvania Natives
last updated 6:28 pm, 2017 January 16