Flowering Perennials, Shrubs and Small Trees Native to Western Pennsylvania
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Photo credit:
Basil Bee Balm
Monarda clinopodia        (Lamiaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: June - August
Flower color: Pale Pink
Height: 2.0 - 4.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
Comments: Hummingbirds love this plant
Deer Resistant: yes
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:
Bee Balm or Oswego Tea
Monarda didyma        (Lamiaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Wet Soil, Medium Moist Soil,
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: July - September
Flower color: Scarlet
Height: 2.0 - 5.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
Comments: Hummingbird magnet!
Deer Resistant: yes
Rain Garden Suitable: yes
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:
Blue Wood Aster
Aster cordifolius        (Asteraceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil, Dry Soil
Sunlight: Partial Sun, Full Shade
Blooms: August - September
Flower color: Violet
Height: 2.0 - 3.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
Comments: Clouds of blue flowers in late summer
Deer Resistant: yes
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:
Brown-eyed Susan
Rudbeckia triloba        (Asteraceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil, Dry Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: August - October
Flower color: Yellow
Height: 1.0 - 3.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Drought tolerant
Deer Resistant: yes
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:
  


Photo credit:
Butterfly Weed
Asclepias tuberosa        (Asclepiadaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Dry Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun,
Blooms: May - September
Flower color: Orange
Height: 1.0 - 3.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Amazing color; grows well in dry, gravely-sandy soil
Deer Resistant: yes
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:
Calico Aster
Aster lateriflous        (Asteraceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil, Dry Soil
Sunlight: Partial Sun
Blooms: June - August
Flower color: White
Height: 1.0 - 4.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Often a purple center. Bushy habit.
Deer Resistant: yes
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:
Common Milkweed
Asclepias syriaca        (Asclepiadaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil, Dry Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: June - August
Flower color: pink/purple
Height: 2.0 - 4.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Larval food of monarch butterflies
Deer Resistant: yes
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:
Crooked-stemmed Aster
Aster prenanthoides        (Asteraceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: September - October
Flower color: Bue-violet
Height: 1.0 - 3.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Stem zigzags slightly; flowers are 1"-1.5"
Deer Resistant: yes
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:
Dense Blazing Star
Liatris spicata        (Asteraceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun,
Blooms: July - August
Flower color: Purple-pink
Height: 3.0 foot
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Beautiful massed or in a mixed meadow
Deer Resistant: yes
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:
  


Photo credit:
False Blue Indigo
Baptisia australis        (Fabaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: May - June
Flower color: Blue
Height: 2.0 - 5.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
Comments:
Deer Resistant: yes
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:
Flat-topped Aster
Aster umbellatus        (Asteraceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: August - September
Flower color: White
Height: 3.0 - 7.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Imposing plant
Deer Resistant: yes
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:
Golden Alexanders
Zizia aurea        (Apiaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: May - June
Flower color: Yellow
Height: 1.0 - 3.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
Comments: Butterfly plant
Deer Resistant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:Christopher Tracey
Golden Groundsel
Senecio aureus        (Asteraceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Wet Soil, Medium Moist Soil,
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: May - June
Flower color: Yellow
Height: 1.0 - 2.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
Comments: Good season long ground cover; one of first yellow flowers of spring
Deer Resistant: yes
Rain Garden Suitable: yes
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:
Green-headed Coneflower
Rudbeckia lanciniata        (Asteraceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: July - September
Flower color: Yellow
Height: 3.0 - 9.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
Comments: Stunning wildflower often found along streams
Deer Resistant: yes
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:
Heath Aster
Aster pilosus        (Asteraceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil, Dry Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: August - September
Flower color: White
Height: 2.0 - 6.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments:
Deer Resistant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:
Joe Pye
Eupatorium fistulosa        (Asteraceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Wet Soil, Medium Moist Soil,
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: August - September
Flower color: Pink to Purple
Height: 3.0 - 8.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
Comments: Grows luxuriantly
Deer Resistant: yes
Rain Garden Suitable: yes
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:Kathy McGregor
New England Aster
Aster novae-angliae        (Asteraceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Wet Soil, Medium Moist Soil,
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun, Full Shade
Blooms: August - October
Flower color: Purple
Height: 4.0 - 6.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Glorius late season color. Looks great growing with goldenrod
Deer Resistant: yes
Rain Garden Suitable: yes
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:Kathy McGregor
New York Ironweed
Vernonia noveboracensis        (Asteraceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Wet Soil, Medium Moist Soil,
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: July - August
Flower color: Deep Purple
Height: 3.0 - 6.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
Comments: Beacon for Butterflies; grows attractively with Boneset
Deer Resistant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: yes
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:
Oxeye
Heliopsis helianthoides        (Asteraceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: July - September
Flower color: Yellow
Height: 3.0 - 5.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Butterfly plant
Deer Resistant: yes
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:
Poke Milkweed
Asclepias exaltata        (Asclepiadaceae)

Plant Type: biennial
Moisture: Wet Soil, Medium Moist Soil,
Sunlight: Partial Sun, Full Shade
Blooms: July - August
Flower color: Cream-white
Height: 2.0 - 6.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Beautiful drooping umbels of flowers
Deer Resistant: yes
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:Christopher Tracey
Purple Bergamont
Monarda media        (Lamiaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: July - August
Flower color: Magenta
Height: 3.0 - 4.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
Comments: Hummingbirds love it!
Deer Resistant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:
Purple-stemmed Aster
Aster puniceus        (Asteraceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Wet Soil, Medium Moist Soil,
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: September - September
Flower color: Blue Violet
Height: 2.0 - 6.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Stems usually reddish
Deer Resistant: yes
Rain Garden Suitable: yes
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:Kathryn McGregor
Sneezeweed
Helenium autumnale        (Asteraceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: August - September
Flower color: Yellow
Height: 2.0 - 6.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Showy flowers
Deer Resistant: yes
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:
  


Photo credit:Christopher Tracey
Spotted Joe Pye
Eupatorium maculatum        (Asteraceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Wet Soil, Medium Moist Soil,
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: August - September
Flower color: Pink/Purple
Height: 3.0 - 7.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Attracts butterflies
Deer Resistant: no
Rain Garden Suitable: yes
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:
Swamp Milkweed
Asclepias incarnata        (Asclepiadaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Wet Soil, Medium Moist Soil,
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: July - August
Flower color: Rose Pink
Height: 2.0 - 4.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
Comments: Will grow in range of moisture conditions - it dosen't need a swamp!
Deer Resistant: yes
Rain Garden Suitable: yes
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:
Swamp Rose Mallow
Hibiscus moscheutos        (Malvaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Wet Soil, Medium Moist Soil,
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: July - September
Flower color: Deep Pink / White
Height: 5.0 - 7.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
Comments: Tall, bold and dramatic
Deer Resistant: yes
Rain Garden Suitable: yes
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:
Tall Coreopsis
Coreopsis tripteris        (Asteraceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Wet Soil, Medium Moist Soil,
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: June - September
Flower color: Yellow
Height: 3.0 - 6.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Anise-scented flowers; birds like the seed
Deer Resistant: yes
Rain Garden Suitable: yes
Attracts:
  


Photo credit:
Tall Sunflower
Helianthus giganteus        (Asteraceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Wet Soil, Medium Moist Soil,
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: July - September
Flower color: Yellow
Height: 3.0 - 5.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Good for birds
Deer Resistant: yes
Rain Garden Suitable: yes
Attracts:
  


Photo credit:
Virginia Mountain Mint
Pycnanthemum virginianum        (Lamiaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil, Dry Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: May - June
Flower color: White
Height: 2.0 - 5.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Very attractive massed plant for sun
Deer Resistant: yes
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:
Whorled Rosinweed
Silphium trifoliatum        (Asteraceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil, Dry Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: July - September
Flower color: Yellow
Height: 3.0 - 7.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Good plant for naturalizing
Deer Resistant: yes
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:
  


Photo credit:
Wild Bergamot
Monarda fistulosa        (Lamiaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil, Dry Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: June - September
Flower color: Lilac
Height: 2.0 - 3.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Hummingbirds love it!
Deer Resistant: yes
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:
Wild Sweet William or Meadow Phlox
Phlox maculata        (Polemoniaceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil, Dry Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: June - July
Flower color: Pink
Height: 1.0 - 3.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Blooms heavily early and sporadically all season long
Deer Resistant: yes
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:
Wrinke-leaved Goldenrod
Solidago rugosa        (Asteraceae)

Plant Type: perennial
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: August - September
Flower color: Yellow
Height: 3.0 - 4.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Good for naturalizing; beautiful with New York Aster
Deer Resistant: yes
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:
Steeplebush
Spiraea tomentosa        (Rosaceae)

Plant Type: shrub
Moisture: Medium Moist Soil, Dry Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: July - September
Flower color: Pink
Height: 2.0 - 5.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Woodlands and Woodland Edges
   Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
Comments:
Deer Resistant: yes
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:
 


Photo credit:
Wild Lilac or New Jersey Tea
Ceanothus americanus        (Rhamnaceae)

Plant Type: shrub
Moisture: Dry Soil
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Sun,
Blooms: July
Flower color: White
Height: 2.0 - 3.0 feet
General Natural Plant Setting:
   Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Comments: Low growing, resilant shrub; one of top ten butterfly plants
Deer Resistant: yes
Rain Garden Suitable: no
Attracts:
 

Back to Our Plants

Key to Attracts Field:
The following symbols indicate different animals that the cultivation of these animals may attract:
Butterflies   Birds   Hummingbirds

Information about plant habitats
A Woodlands and Woodland Edges
B Low Meadows, Stream Banks, Floodplains or Swampy Places
C Sunny Upland Meadows and Hillsides
Native plants will often grow in gardens in a wider range of conditions than where they are found naturally. Most will thrive best, though, in a setting most similar to its natural environment.

Kathryn McGregor, Proprietor and Grower -- Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Copyright © 2017 Sylvania Natives
last updated 5:57 am, 2012 July 12